Biomass Water hyacinth has another name 'Eichornia crassipes' is a kind of floating aquatic plants that live on the surface of the water. These plants grow rapidly when filled with agricultural waste or plant so that it becomes an indicator or where in the already polluted river (the sewage polluters). Water hyacinth hidrofi a plant, this plant is not edible weeds even a nuisance plants to other plants and animals around it. These plants and water plants generally like seaweed and various other types of aquatic weeds, contain cellulose in large quantities. And cellulose that can be used as fuel by generating biomethan (pure biogas) for thermal energy (stove) and electric energy from the generator sets as well as by-products such as organic fertilizer.
Technological developments such as the fermentation of biomass waste, weeds and trash into a new material that provides economic benefits, has spawned business opportunities electric energy generation and organic fertilizer production in multi-scale. PLTBM technology developed by PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana (CVSK), and since 2011 has been tested in 33 locations PLTBM models, for example, can be done from the smallest scale of 150 kg / day of biomass (waste, sewage and weeds) to the large-scale of hundreds of tons / day.
Based on the experience in the last 2 years with the establishment of a model at 33 locations (small-scale output up to 25 KVA), it can be analyzed that the magnification scale biomass processing operations (trash, weeds and waste) gives better profit parameters. Converting energy from water weeds are shown in the table PLTBM Scale for raw chart form below 250 tonnes of water hyacinth.
Acquisition of electrical energy and organic fertilizer from biomass (aquatic weeds) as above is actually able to attract the attention of the organizers of the provincial government and district / city that has a problem with the water area and water weeds, and, given the attractiveness to the project sponsor / investor (sources of funds CSR, Bank) to change weeds into energy and fertilizer for the benefit of society (Sonson Garsoni *)